Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Jonathan Daniels Papers

Dates: 1949-1962; Bulk Date: 1949

Author; Journalist; Assistant Director, Office of Civil Defense, 1942; Administrative Assistant to President Roosevelt, 1943-1945; Press Secretary to President Roosevelt, 1945; Administrative Assistant to President Truman, April-May, 1945; Editor, Raleigh (N.C.) News and Observer, 1948-1970

The Papers of Jonathan Daniels consist of the research notes Daniels used in preparing The Man of Independence (1950), a biography of President Truman. The notes were compiled mostly from interviews with Truman's family, friends, and associates, from newspaper articles, and from genealogical records. Miscellaneous reference materials and a chronology of events, 1865 to 1948, make up the remainder of the collection. The collection consists of one series, a Notes File.

See also Oral history

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]


ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: Less than one-half of one linear foot (approximately 250 pages)
Access: Open
Copyright: Jonathan Daniels donated his copyright interest in writings in this collection to the United States of America. Copyright interest in any other writings in this collection is assumed to remain with the authors of the documents, or their heirs.
Processed by: Lori Schwartz as part of the Internship Program at the Truman Library
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and Amy Williams

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1902, April 26 Born, Raleigh, North Carolina
1921

B.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

1922
M.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1922 - 1923 Columbia University law student, New York City; Admitted to the North Carolina bar
late 1923 - early 1924
Reporter, The Louisville Times, Kentucky
1924 - 1928 Police Reporter, Washington Correspondent (1925), Raleigh (N.C.) News and Observer
1930 Authored first novel, Clash of Angels
1930 - 1931 Guggenheim fellow
1930 - 1932 Editorial staff, Fortune magazine, New York City
1932 - 1942 Associate Editor, Editor (1933), Raleigh News and Observer
1942 Assistant Director, Office of Civil Defense
1943 - 1945 Administrative Assistant to President Roosevelt
1945 Press Secretary to President Roosevelt
1947 - 1952 Member, Democratic National Committee, North Carolina
1947 - 1953 U.S. member, United Nations Subcommittee on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities
1947 - 1970 Executive Editor, Editor (1948), Raleigh News and Observer
1948 - 1953 Member, Public Administrative Board, Economic Cooperation Administration, and Mutual Security Agency
1949 - 1953 Member, Federal Hospital Council
1950 The Man of Independence published
1970 Editor Emeritus, Raleigh News and Observer
1970s Founder and Columnist, The Island Packet newspaper, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
1981, Nov. 6 Died, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The Papers of Jonathan Daniels consist of the research notes Daniels used to write The Man of Independence (1950), a biography of President Truman. In preparation, Jonathan Daniels visited Kansas City, Missouri, in 1949, to collect material for the book. Included in his research notes is information compiled from interviews with Truman and his family, friends, and associates, as well as from newspaper articles and genealogical records. A chronology of events and some miscellaneous reference materials are also included. In their original form, a three-ring binder held the 260 pages of notes together. The notes now are divided into four parts and a table of contents has been added to each part. The collection consists of one series, a Notes File.

Before and after his trip to Kansas City in 1949, Daniels interviewed President Truman three times. Notes from interviews are included in the collection. Margaret Truman, William Leahy, Clark Clifford, Spencer Salisbury, and Eddie Jacobson are among the family, friends, and associates that Daniels interviewed for the book.

To document lesser-known aspects of Truman's career, particularly his early business dealings, Daniels consulted several published sources and visited the Kansas City Star and St. Louis Post-Dispatch morgues. Notes and extracts from the newspaper articles he found are included in the collection.

The chronology Daniels included in his research notes documents Truman's life, events involving his family members and contemporaries, and selected political and social events dating from 1865 to 1948.

Logs of the Berlin Conference of 1945 and of Truman's vacation trips from 1946 to 1949, information concerning Truman's meetings with Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944 and 1945, and other miscellaneous reference items can also be found in the Daniels Papers.

Other material at the Truman Library that relates to Jonathan Daniels includes an oral history interview conducted with Daniels (Oral History Interview # 15 ). Correspondence with Daniels can be found in the Harry S. Truman Papers: President's Secretary's Files and in the Eben A. Ayers Papers.

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos. Series
1 NOTES FILE, 1949-62 (Bulk Date Span, 1949)
Research notes used by Daniels in preparing The Man of Independence (1950), compiled from newspaper articles, genealogical records, and interviews with Truman and his family, friends, and associates; along with miscellaneous reference materials and a chronology of events from 1865 to 1948. Arranged in numerical order (Parts I through IV).

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FOLDER TITLE LIST

Box 1

NOTES FILE, 1949-1962 (Bulk Date Span, 1949)

 
Page
Part I: Notes of Interviews, July - September, 1949    
  Harry S. Truman, July 28, 1949  
2
  Harry S. Truman, August 30, 1949  
4
  Max Lowenthal  
11
  Admiral William D. Leahy  
13
  Vivian Truman  
15
  Grandview, Missouri interviews  
16
  Independence, Missouri interviews  
17
  William M. Southern, Jr.  
20
  Edward Jacobson  
25
  Henry Bundschu, September 28, 1949  
27
  Spencer Salisbury  
28
  Edwin W. Pauley  
31
  Harry Vaughan and Edward D. McKim  
32
  Harry Jobes and Father L.. Curtis Tiernan  
34
  Mary Jane Truman  
35
  Holmes family Bible  
37
  Henry Bundschu, October 3, 1949  
38
  Margaret Truman  
41
  William M. Boyle, Jr.  
42
  Clark Clifford  
43
  Victor R. Messall  
52
  Duke Shoop  
54
  Harry S. Truman, November 12, 1949

 
55
Part II: Newspaper References and Genealogical Records  
  Kansas City Directories (Truman Family), 1889-1935  
75
  Kansas City Star morgue (Spencer Salisbury), 1914-46  
77
  Kansas City Directories (David H. Morgan), 1913-24  
79
  Kansas City Star morgue (Citizens Security Back), 1919-26  
81
  Kansas City Star morgue (Harry S. Truman), 1926-29  
86
  St. Louis Post-Dispatch morgue (Harry S. Truman), 1934-45  
94
  New York Times Index (Harry S. Truman and T.J. Pendergast), 1930-44  
103
  Records in Office of Register of Deeds, Johnson County, Kansas concerning SW¼ of 32-12-23, 1860-1922  
107
  Missouri Manual, 1937-38 (Harry S. Truman)  
109
  Vital Historical Records of Jackson County, Missouri (Holmes and Young families)  
110
  Dr. W.L. Brandon letters to Harry S. Truman  
113
  Harry S. Truman's ancestry

 
114
Part III: Chronology of Events, 1865-1948  
  Chronology - general, 1865-1948

 
117
Part IV: Miscellaneous Reference Materials  
  Truman family finances  
191
  State of Kentucky  
192
  Barton County, Missouri  
193
  Cass County, Missouri  
194
  Henry County, Missouri  
195
  Jackson County, Missouri  
196
  Platte County, Missouri  
197
  Henry Bundschu biographical sketch of Harry S. Truman (extracts)  
198
  "1880's"  
205
  "Ideas"  
206
  Logs of the President's vacation trips, 1946-49  
207
  Harry S. Truman's meetings with Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1944-45 (New York Times)  
219
  T.J. Pendergast, 1946 (New York Times Index)  
220
  Harry S. Truman bibliography, 1947-49  
222
  Articles on Harry S. Truman listed in the Readers Guide, 1945-47  
225
  "The Job That Made Truman President," by W. McCune and J.R. Beal, Harpers, June 1945 (extracts)  
227
  Berlin (Potsdam) Conference log  
229
  Miscellaneous Notes  
259