Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Henry F. Grady Papers

Dates: 1898-1963.

Ambassador to India, 1947-1948; Ambassador to Greece, 1948-1950; Ambassador to Iran, 1950-1951.

The papers of Henry F. Grady consist mainly of correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, speeches, and articles written in relation to Grady's work in government and specifically as American ambassador to India, Greece, and Iran. Also included are a draft of Grady's unpublished memoir "Adventures in Diplomacy" and various personal papers including schedules, travel information, condolence messages, and an address book.

[Administrative Information | Biographical Sketch | Collection Description | Series Descriptions | Folder Title List]


ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

Size: 1 linear foot, 9 linear inches (about 3,200 pages).
Access: Open.
Copyright: The donors gave to the U.S. government their copyrights in all the writings of Henry F. Grady in this collection. Documents created by U.S. government employees in the course of their official duties are in the public domain. Copyright interest in other documents presumably belongs to the creators of the documents, or their heirs.
Processed by: Erwin J. Mueller (1971).
Updated by: Caitlin McGrath (2011) as part of the Truman Library Internship Program.
Supervising Archivists: Randy Sowell and David Clark.


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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

1882 (February 12)Born Henry Francis Grady, San Francisco, California
1907A.B., St. Mary's University, Baltimore, Maryland
1915-1916Graduate work, University of California at Berkeley and Columbia University
1917 (October 18)Married Lucretia Louise del Valle
1918-1919 Special Expert, Bureau of Planning and Statistics, United States Shipping Board
1919-1920United States Trade Commissioner to London and Continental Europe
1921 Acting Chief, Division of Research, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce
1927Ph.D., Columbia University
1928-1937Professor of International Trade and Dean of the College of Commerce at the University of California
1934-1936 Chief, Division of Trade Agreements, Department of State
1937-1939Vice Chairman of the United States Tariff Commission
1939-1941Assistant Secretary of State
1941-1947President of American President Lines, Ltd.
1943-1944Vice President, Economic Section, Allied Control Commission for Italy
1947-1948United States Ambassador to India
1948-1950United States Ambassador to Greece
1950-1951United States Ambassador to Iran
1957 (September 14)Died aboard ocean liner during Pacific cruise

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTION

The papers of Henry F. Grady consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, press releases, certificates, speeches, and a draft of his unpublished memoir, "Adventures in Diplomacy." These documents deal with Grady's work as an ambassador from the United States to India, Greece, and Iran, as well as his previous governmental activities. The majority of the collection consists of correspondence, both personal and official. Personal items such as an address book, a passport, and condolence messages also make up a significant part of the collection.

Included among Grady's materials is his unpublished manuscript, "Adventures in Diplomacy". Grady's memoir outlines how he felt about pre-World War II trade and tariffs, his work with the Allied Control Commission for Italy, and the issues he dealt with while serving as United States Ambassador to India, Greece, and Iran after World War II.

Reports in the collection regarding the activities of the Allied Control Commission for Italy, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and economic conditions in Iran provide detailed insights into Grady's career in government. Grady's report on the Allied Control Commission summarizes the work of the commission and proposes solutions to inflation and food problems in Italy. . The GATT papers explain economic issues that Grady wanted to bring up at the GATT conference in Geneva, Switzerland regarding Iran and Pakistan. The economic reports on Iran include maps and graphs illustrating economic problems across that country.

Newspaper clippings in the collection primarily deal with Grady's ambassadorial appointments, his subsequent travels, his views on foreign trade and tariffs, and the reaction to his untimely death.

Official memoranda, telegrams, letters, and printed materials in the collection document Grady's service as ambassador to India, Greece, and Iran, with the majority of the papers dating from his time in Greece and Iran. The papers on Greece discuss the role of the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) in Greece, Grady's position as Chief of the American Mission for Aid to Greece, and the "Work and Victory Week" held in that country. The papers on Iran detail Grady's challenges as ambassador and his desire to resign.

Personal items in the collection include Grady's address book, certificates, a passport, and travel plans, which make up a small but significant portion of the collection and help to document Grady's extensive travels and contacts with a wide range of people. Many of the speeches and articles included in the collection date from the period after Grady's ambassadorial career, and include his reflections on U.S. policy toward India, Greece, and Iran, as well as his views on international commerce.

Grady's papers include correspondence, both official and personal, with such persons as Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Eleanor Roosevelt, Adlai E. Stevenson, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Grady's daughter, Patricia Grady Davies.

Related collections at the Truman Library include the papers of Grady's son-in-law, John Paton Davies, Jr.

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SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Container Nos.Series
1-4SUBJECT FILE, 1898-1963
Correspondence, newspaper clippings, speeches, articles, reports, and other items. Arranged alphabetically.

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FOLDER TITLE LIST

Box 1
  • Address Book
  • "Adventures in Diplomacy"
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • Allied Control Commission
  • Articles
  • Biographical Information
  • Certificates
Box 2
  • Clippings
  • Correspondence, 1898
  • Correspondence, 1935
  • Correspondence, 1936
  • Correspondence, 1941
  • Correspondence, 1944
  • Correspondence, 1947
  • Correspondence, 1948
  • Correspondence, 1949
  • Correspondence, 1950
  • Correspondence, 1951
  • Correspondence, 1952
  • Correspondence, 1953
  • Correspondence, 1954
  • Correspondence, 1955
  • Correspondence, 1956
  • Correspondence, 1957
Box 3
  • Correspondence, 1957-Sympathy Letters
      [1 of 2]
      [2 of 2]
  • Correspondence-Roosevelt, Eleanor
  • Correspondence-Truman, Harry S.
  • Correspondence-Undated
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  • Greece
  • Greece-"Work and Victory Week"
  • Iran
  • Iran-Economic Reports, 1950
Box 4
  • Lower California Iron Fields
  • Personal
  • Printed Materials
  • Reports
  • Schedules
  • Speeches
  • Travel

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