Harry S. Truman Papers
|1909 (December 1)||Born, New Orleans, Louisiana|
|1932||Graduated from U.S. Military Academy and commissioned as Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army.|
|1935||Became pilot in U.S. Army Air Corps.|
|1942-1945||Served with Eighth U.S. Air Force in Great Britain during World War II, and awarded Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal, among other decorations.|
|1948-1953||Served as first U.S. Air Force Aide to the President, and promoted from rank of Colonel to Major General.|
|1962||Retired from U.S. Air Force with rank of Major General.|
|2000 (July 14)||Died, Scottsdale, Arizona|
The files of Robert B. Landry mostly relate to his service as Air Force Aide to President Harry S. Truman from 1948 to 1953. The U.S. Air Force was established as a separate branch of the armed forces in 1947, and the following year Landry became the first officer to be designated as the Air Force Aide on the White House staff. His status was equivalent to that of the Military Aide to the President (representing the U.S. Army) and the Naval Aide to the President. Landry held this post for the remainder of the Truman Presidency.
The Landry Files are a part of the Staff Member and Office Files of the Harry S. Truman Papers. This material was shipped to Kansas City as part of Mr. Truman's presidential papers. Truman subsequently donated his papers to the United States government. The collection is approximately two linear feet in volume, arranged alphabetically by folder title in one series, a Subject File.
The Subject File consists of correspondence, handwritten notes, itineraries and schedules, meeting minutes, memoranda, press releases, reports, newspaper clippings, printed material, and telegrams pertaining to topics including Air Force personnel, air transportation for visiting Heads of State, the Conelrad (Control of Electromagnetic Radiation) warning system, presidential aircraft, and airports.
The Air Force personnel documents pertain to promotions, veterinary services, reserve officers, appointments to positions, Congressional hearings, officer lists, discharges, leave, courts martials, training, health, Air Force bases, housing, assignments, and transfers.
The documents relating to air transportation of visiting Heads of State pertain to trips aboard the presidential aircraft, the Independence, by President Dutra of Brazil, President Plaza of Ecuador, Prime Minister Nehru of India, the Shah of Iran, President Gonzalez of Chile, President Gallegos of Venezuela, President Prio of Cuba, Prime Minister Ali Khan of Pakistan, and Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. Vice President Alben Barkley, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson and Secretary of State Dean Acheson are also listed as using the presidential plane.
The purpose of Conelrad (Control of Electromagnetic Radiation) was to provide a warning system in the event of hostile action or imminent threat. The plans called for alerting and operating all classes of radio stations other than broadcast stations. The documents include reports, operational procedures, memos, meeting minutes and press releases.
The presidential aircraft materials include trip itineraries, budgets, lists of room assignments, and reports on expenditures, weather, baggage handling, and equipment. The airport documents relate to airports located in Burke, Virginia, the Washington D.C. area, Minneapolis-St. Paul, New Orleans, and Chicago.
Other materials in the collection relate to housing, the 1952 steel strike, the President's Airport Committee, the Air Coordinating Committee, the Civil Air Patrol, the National Guard, Selective Service and trips by President Truman to Arkansas, St. Louis, Kansas City, Wake Island, West Point and Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
|1-5||SUBJECT FILE, 1947-1952.|
|Correspondence, handwritten notes, itineraries and schedules, meeting minutes, memoranda, press releases, reports, newspaper clippings, printed material, and telegrams relating to Landry's service as Air Force Aide to President Truman. Arranged in alphabetical order.|