Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum


Oral History Interviews with
Henry Van Zile Hyde

During the Truman Administration, was Chief, Health Division, UNR'RA, 1945; Chief, Division of International Health, USPHS, 1948-49; Assistant Chief, Health Services Branch, Division of International Labor, Social and Health Affairs, 1950-52; Director, Division of Health and Sani-tation, Institute of Inter-American Affairs, 1950-52; U.S. representative on the executive board, World Health Organization, 1948-52; and Director, Health and Sanitation Staff, Technical Cooperation Administration, 1952-53.

Interview Transcripts
July 16 | & July 24, 1975

[Notices and Restrictions | List of Subjects Discussed]


NOTICE
These are transcripts of tape-recorded interviews conducted for the Harry S. Truman Library. A draft of each transcript was edited by the interviewee but only minor emendations were made; therefore, the reader should remember that these are essentially transcripts of the spoken, rather than the written word.

Numbers appearing in square brackets (ex. [45]) within the transcript indicate the pagination in the original, hardcopy version of the oral history interview.

RESTRICTIONS
These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except by permission of the Harry S. Truman Library.


List of Subjects Discussed

    Acheson, Dean, 29
    Aid for International Development (A.I.D.), 199-200
    Amouzegar, Jamshid, 146-147
    Andrews, Stanley A., 148-151, 154-156, 188, 191, 196, 197
    Arab-Israel conflict, 129-133

    Baez, Martinez, 77, 78
    Bell, Katherine, 136
    Bennett, Henry, 141, 149-151
    Benson, Ezra, 102
    Bingham, Jonathan, 151
    Biraud, Yves, 48
    Bolton, Mrs. Frances P., 46
    Brazil, Servico program in, 142-143

    Calderwood, Howard B., 10, 16, 25, 27, 41, 43, 81, 108, 117-118, 120
    Campbell, Eugene, 145, 149
    Candau, Marcolino G., 126, 142
    Cavaillon, Andre, 24
    China, U.N. representation, 133-134
    Chisholm, Dr., 47, 65, 82, 125
    Churchill, Sir Winston, 5
    Coggeshall, Lowell, 59
    Committee of Seventy-Six, 88-89, 132-133
    Committee of Twelve, 87-88
    Cumming, Hugh, 37

    Davidson, Alfred, 71-72
    Dore, Victor, 78
    Doull, James, 13-14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 32, 43, 44, 119, 120
    "dream sheets", 90
    Dulles, John Foster, 22
    Dunham, George, 138, 168

    Economic and Social Council, U.N., 16, 18, 19
    Eisenhower, Dwight D., 22
    Eisenhower, Milton, 92, 93-94
    Elliot, Martha, 59, 70
    Evang, Karl, 42, 133

    Federal Security Agency, 26
    Finance Committee of the Assembly, U.N., 51-52
    Fishbein, Morris, 18
    Fory, Esmond, 37

    Germany (GDR), 137

    Haines, John, 94
    Halverson, Dr., 148
    Hamlin, John, 163
    Hanlon, John, 193-194
    Harris, General, 139
    Health, Public Health Service, 26-28
    Huxley, Julian, 78, 79
    Hyde, Henry Van Zile:

      Administration and Budget Committee, First World Health Assembly, representative of, 62-63
      American Public Health Association, 60-61
      American Regional group, pre-existence, first assemblies,knowledge of, 87-89
      Andrews, Stanley A., 150-151, 155-156, 191-193
      Bennett, Henry, 149-151
      birth control, and, 61-62, 96-100
      China, and, 133-134
      draft charter, and, 45
      Executive Board, World Health Organization, member of, 91
      Germany, division of, opinion on, 137
      health centers, opinion on, 172-180
      health delivery systems, comment on failure of, 73-75
      ICA health personnel recruitment, responsible for, 159-161
      Institute for Inter-American Affairs, 57-58, 137-144
      Interim Commission, Involvement with, 53-56, 60-61, 121-122
      International Labor, Social, and Health Affairs, Division of,assigned to, 16
      Middle East, War generated problems, and, 3-6
      Organized medicine, and, 1-2
      Pan-American Health Organization, and, 126-128
      politics, problem of, within countries, comment on, 167-171
      Point IV, 191-193, 198-201
        in Iran, 145
        program changes, discussion of, 147-149
      "Position paper" approach, 27
      public health, TCA program modification of, opinion on, 184-187
      Public Health Service Officers, evaluation of, 181-184
      radioactive fall out, and, 134-135
      Rajchman, Ludwik, work with, 70-73
      refugees, and, 6-8
      regional organization, opinion on, 41-45
      Servico, describes, 165-167
      State Health Department (NY.), Bureau of Pneumonia Control, director of, 1-2
      State Department, U.S., 117-121, 123-126
        political officers, 25
        reports, opinion on, 117-121
      T.C.A., work for, 154-159, 193-194
      teaching hospitals, assessment of, 188-191
      Williams, Louis L., assistant to, 9-10
      World Health Assembly, 1948, 63-69
      World Health Organization, member of Executive Board, 91-133

    Institute for Inter-American Affairs, 57-58, 74, 137-144, 146, 167, 169, 191-193
    Inter-Government Conference, on Rural Health, 1936 (League of Nations), 174
    International Atomic Energy Agency, (IAEA), 136
    Interim Commission, International Health Conference, 47-49, 64-65, 77, 82, 109-114, 121, 122
    International Health Conference, 1946, 31-32, 34-35, 38, 41, 47, 104-105
    International trade policy, 81
    Iran, Servico, 145
    Iverson, Kenneth, 141

    Jackson, Sir Robert, 4-6
    Jafar, M., 125-126
    Jaksie, Colonel, 7
    Jameson, Sir Wilson, 19, 24
    Joint Health Policy Committee, UNICEF, 68-69
    Judd, Walter H., 46, 49

    Kacprzak, M., 52
    Kotschnig, Walter, 81

    LaClainch, Dr., 14, 18, 19
    LaGuardia, Fiorello, 4
    Laise, Caroline Clendening, 46
    Landers, James M., 2
    Latin America, 139
    Laugier, Henri, 75
    League of Nations, 33-34, 74, 82, 108
    Lehman, Herbert, 4
    Lie, Trygvie, 4-6
    Lodge, Henry Cabot, 49, 101
    Long, Dr., 175

    McCormick, J.B., 105
    McLeish, Archibald, 80
    Mayo, Charles, 92
    Middle East Supply Center, WW II, 3-4
    Moll, Aristides, 37
    Mudalier, Sir Arcot, 130
    Mudaliar, Sir Ramas Suanee, 20-21
    Mulliken, Otis, 11-12, 41
    Murdock, Dr., 37

    NAMRU III, 23
    National Science Foundation, 93
    Needham, James, 76, 77, 78, 79
    National Institute of Health(NIH), 92-93

    Office International d'Hygiene Publique, 32

    PanAmerican Health Organization, 39-40, 126-128, 190-191
    PanAmerican Sanitary Bureau, 35-36, 39, 42
    Parran Draft, 24
    Parran, Thomas, 12, 16, 21, 24, 25, 28-29, 43, 60-61, 119
    Pasha, Aly Tewfik Shousha, 21-22, 23, 24, 131
    Point IV, 90, 98, 101-102, 140, 143, 144-147, 191-193
    Public Health Service, U.S., 26, 44, 138, 140, 160

    Radioactive fallout, 134-135
    Rajchman, Ludwik, 67-69, 70-73
    Roosevelt, Franklin D., 26
    Roosevelt, Mrs. Franklin D. (Eleanor), 32, 44
    Roosevelt Hospital, Guatemala, 169-170
    Rules Committee, U.S., House of Representatives, 46

    Salk, Jonas, 92
    Sand, Rene, 23-24
    Segal, Milton, 100
    Selassie, Haile, 176
    Senate-House Conference Committee, 49
    Servico, concept of, 141-143, 165-167, 168
    Smith-Mundt funding, 120
    Society of International Law, 108
    Soper, Dr., 194
    Sousa, Geraldo de Paula, 14, 18, 19, 24, 52
    Stampar, Andrija, 20, 24, 42, 65-66, 72
    Stare, Fred, 192
    State Department, U.S., 41, 117-121, 123-126

      Bulletin, 118
      radioactive fall out, and, 134-135

    Sterling, Clarence, 137-140
    Stone, Abraham, 96
    Stroud, George, 148
    Sze, Szeming, 14, 18, 19, 24

    Technical Cooperation Administration (TCA), 153-159, 161-164
    Technical Preparatory Committee, 19, 30, 32-35, 41, 67, 70, 82, 122
    Togba, Joseph, 111-112
    Truman, Harry S., 28

    UNESCO, 76, 79, 80, 95
    UNICEF, 62-63, 67-69, 71, 73, 199
    UNRRA, 68
    United Nations, 50, 81
    United Nations Charter, 74-76
    United Nations Development Program, 89-90

    Vandenberg, Arthur H., 49, 103
    Vina Del Mar, Chile, 169
    Vinogradov, Dr., 65-66

    Walker, E. Ronald, 79, 80
    Waynick, Capus, 141, 150
    Whiting, Ed, 178
    Williams, Louis L., 9-10, 11, 16, 21, 27, 43, 44, 119, 120, 138
    Winslow, C.E.A., 196-197
    Wolman, Abel, 59
    World Health Assembly 1948, 28, 50-52
    World Health Organization, 17, 29-30, 38-40, 47, 52, 57-58, 73, 75, 78, 80, 82-87, 89-90, 91-95, 99, 103-108, 114-116, 126-128, 135, 190-191, 194-198, 199-200

      Central Planning group, establishment of, 121-122
      Executive Board, 122, 123
      and International politics, 129-133
    World Meteorological Organization, 108

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